Preventive Cardiology Program

What can you do to be heart healthy?
Know your risk factors!

Below are seven risk factors you can control to lower your risk of heart and vascular disease:

  • If You Smoke – Quit Smoking: Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers. Nicotine constricts blood vessels, and carbon monoxide damages their inner lining, making them more susceptible to plaque build-up.
  • Tighten up Your Meal Choices: A diet high in fat, sugar, cholesterol, and salt can contribute to the development of heart disease.
  • Increase Physical Activity: Lack of exercise is associated with many forms of heart disease. Physical activity helps to strengthen and improve your heart and blood vessels.
  • Lose Weight: Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes increases your risk of heart disease.
    – Your fasting blood surge – should be less than 100 mg/dl
  • High Blood Pressure: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of your arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.
    – Blood Pressure should be less than 130/80 mm Hg
  • High Blood Cholesterol Levels: High levels of cholesterol in your blood can increase the risk of plaque formation
    – Your total cholesterol should be less than 200 mg/dl
    – (HDL > 40 mg/dl and LDL < 100 mg/dl)

Risk factors you cannot control are:

  • Age: Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weaken heart muscle.
  • Gender: Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women’s risk increases after menopause.
  • Family History: A family history of heart disease increase your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it early: before age 55 for a make relative (brother or father), or 65 for a female relative (sister or mother).

Cardiac Risk Factor Survey – Click Here to get your risk factors evaluation for free.